Moldova declares state of emergency due to gas crisis in the absence of a supply agreement with Russia | International
Moldova has declared a state of emergency due to the energy crisis. The Moldovan Parliament on Friday ratified the request of Prime Minister Natalia Gavrilita to decree the extraordinary measure for a month before the gas shortage experienced by the Eastern European country in the absence of an agreement to renew the contract with the Russian Gazprom. , your main supplier. The pro-Western government in Chisinau is negotiating against the clock with Moscow, which has pushed up the price of the supply. Meanwhile, he is looking for alternative sources and has sought help from his European allies at a time of complex adjustment due to the global energy crisis.
The contract of Moldova, a country of 2.6 million inhabitants stuck between Romania and Ukraine, with the Russian giant Gazprom expired at the end of September. It was extended until the end of October, but at a much higher price: $ 790 (nearly 700 euros) per cubic meter, a cost that the Moldovan government says it cannot afford. The average price he has paid so far has been around $ 200 per cubic meter.
The declaration of a state of emergency allows the Moldovan government to provide extraordinary funds to the state-owned company Energocom to purchase gas from alternative sources. “The situation is critical,” said Gavrilita, who assured at an extraordinary session in Parliament that the country was facing a shortage of 16 million cubic meters of gas and that Moldova now only has 67% of gas. what she needs for October. Pressure levels in the country’s gas pipeline network have fallen to “critical levels” and this can damage the country’s supply system, the prime minister warned.
Some analysts argue that Gazprom is using the energy crisis to put pressure on Moldova after pro-European Maia Sandu won the presidency over pro-Russian Igor Dodon last year, and her party, Action and Solidarity, in the elections. legislative. “Russia was not happy and now we see how it acts when it has the opportunity, through Gazprom,” said analyst Radu Magdin, of Bucharest-based consultancy Smartlink, who sees a “clear political dimension. “in the position of the Russian giant. . âAs it stands, it’s not even the price of gas, but the fact that Russia is seeking to blackmail Moldova politically by incorporating additional issues related to the country’s energy independence and the historic gas debt of Transnistria. [la regiÃ³n prorrusa reconocida por la comunidad internacional como moldava que se autoproclamÃ³ independiente en 1990 y en la que MoscÃº tiene tropas]Magdin said.
The gas supply difficulties before the cold winter are a test for the pro-Western Moldovan government. The opposition has already accused President Sandu of not getting involved in negotiating this energy source with Russia in front of others, such as Serbian President Aleksandar Vucic, who will travel to Moscow next month to s ‘speak directly with the president. Russian, Vladimir Putin. The Moldovan government could however have an oxygen balloon. On Thursday, she announced that she had secured an interim agreement with the IMF for loans amounting to around $ 564 million for the next three years and that she would receive the first installment at the end of 2021.
The Moldovan crisis is another chapter of the global energy emergency. Several European capitals have accused Russia, the EU’s main supplier, of not providing all the gas it needs and of cutting off pumping as a pressure lever to speed up approval of the controversial NordStream 2 pipeline, which will carry gas Russian. directly to Germany by avoiding Poland and Ukraine and only without the final green light after years of delays from the opposition of the United States – which also wants to place its own gas – and several Eastern European countries, and sanctions.
Register now MRT to follow all the news and read without limits
Putin seems to have the gas tap. Moscow assures us that there is no politics behind the crisis, but a market problem. Although on Thursday the Russian president again insisted that if final approval is given to the pipeline, Russia could start deliveries immediately.
At the same time, a Moldovan ministerial delegation is in Moscow to negotiate a new agreement with Gazprom at an affordable price. Moldovagaz (51% of Gazprom) also has a debt with the Russian gas giant of around $ 7.2 billion, according to data from the Moldovan gas company.
In recent weeks, the Moldovan government has also stepped up contacts with its European allies to ask for help and is already receiving gas from Ukraine, although well below its needs, the country warns. The EU will discuss the situation in the small former Soviet republic at the EU-Moldova council meeting next week. Chisinau is looking to expand its supplies from Ukraine and supplement them with shipments from Slovakia. Moldova has also asked Romania for help, although Bucharest is not self-sufficient in its gas reserves. The recent gas pipeline between Romania’s Iasi and Chisinau would allow Moldova to buy gas on international markets and transport it through Romania.
Disclaimer: This article is generated from the feed and is not edited by our team.