It gets even worse (Part I) – Essay – Eurasia Review
Exactly a year and a half ago I started a new cycle of my essays (this is the 10th in the series) in the pages of Eurasia Review with the title “Virus Balkanicus – Fascist Chauvinism” with the aim of sensitizing the people of the Balkans (former region of Yugoslavia) to the current and eternal process of degradation of the nation (s). What was influenced by the awakening of something we experienced in the 90s of the 20’se Century – a bloody war, the dissolution of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the creation of “abortion” states after that. Simple as that is – fascism and chauvinism, which the EU kindly calls “populism” in the “new discourse”.
Unfortunately, the situation is getting even worse. Why?
Because fascist chauvinism breaks out from north to south, west to east and vice versa, from the areas mentioned.
Of “Attack” on Serbia, with the help of the Orthodox Church, on the sovereignty of Montenegro (with the help of national fascists), the recent “attack” (even if the EU institutions) on Croatia and its president (former communist who recently became chauvinist fascist) on the sovereignty of Bosnia and Herzegovina (with the direct and / or indirect help of national fascists of all parties concerned, be they Croats, Bosnians and / or Serbs. political leaders of the region (not even to mention Janez Janša, the Slovenian Prime Minister, who currently resides as President of the European Commission and has declared himself a chauvinist fascist. Again, the European Union calls this “populism”.
So why do I call it fascist chauvinism. I will simplify my explanation as much as possible using the list given by Umberto Eco who noted 14 common characteristics of fascism:
1. The cult of tradition. “You only have to look at the program of each fascist movement to find the main traditionalist thinkers. Nazi gnosis was nourished by traditionalist, syncretic, occult elements.
It suffices to look at the emphasis placed today on the past, even centuries ago, without projection for the future if it is not based on the cult of tradition in all the countries of the former. Yugoslavia. The Serbs and the myth of Kosovo and the endless history of Great Srbia, the Bosnians and the “ties” with the Turks and the Ottoman Empire which was once the invader in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Croats and the border of Christianity against Byzantine….
2. The rejection of modernism. “The Enlightenment, the age of reason, is considered the beginning of modern depravity. In this sense, Ur-Fascism can be defined as irrationalism.
There is an awakening of the rejection of modernism all around. Democracy for all fascist-chauvinists in the region is a leader, a people, a country. Nationalism in the sense of “equality, fraternity, freedom” is a compliment to them. Why, because equality only exists for members of the ruling party (be it Bosnian, Croatian, Albanian, Serbian, Macedonian, Montenegrin and / or Slovenian) and their supporters. All the rest are minorities who must obey and listen. The thinking of the ruling party is: “Before us, nothing existed. With us, history begins ”. Of any kind.
3. The cult of action for the sake of action. “The action being beautiful in itself, it must be taken before, or without, any preliminary reflection. Thinking is a form of emasculation.
Yes, all the time and all the time there are “actions”. Against national and foreign enemies. No one thinks of the economy and freedom. For all the major parties, economics is about ‘take the money and run’ and freedom is when they put someone else’s freedom at risk.
4. Disagreement is betrayal. “The critical mind makes distinctions, and distinguishing is a sign of modernism. In modern culture, the scientific community praises disagreement as a means of improving knowledge.
Twenty years ago (2001) I wrote in one of my national essays “The answer is simple” in the magazine of Bosnia and Herzegovina MOST, and later published in the book “Organi (zirana) zovana anarhija” (BiH, 2003) and “Bosnia and Herzegovina and XX! Century”(United States, 2014) that… quote: “Why obey those on the front lines? The answer is simple. Do not let anyone, who has been a sign with the possession of their own attitudes / stands, as shown by their skepticism. And the reason? Don’t put a leader’s word into the question. Attitude and behavior of the leader. Chef’s opinion. Because the leader is the nation. And he, as an individual called chief, is only the executor of public desire. Fulfill the ancient and century-old desires for final self-liberation. In short – by death. … The answer is simple. … Not complicated, but really simple. When general interests overtake individual interests, we will finally stop serving them. The moment when … Until then, I will try to fight off the offenses to finally be part of the common good, and not by the silence of Orwellian times, ruled by individual aspirations. And as the poet once said: “Will freedom be able to sing as the slaves sang it…? I won’t let freedom do that, because I have to live for the day. One day, future generations shaped into the foundations of the present. A day of good people; a day of truth and reconciliation. A day when it is not a question of WHO you are, but only of HOW you do things within your own mission. Because of you, in a whole society. ”… End of quote. It is the same for all the countries which emerged as a failed state from the former Yugoslavia.
5. Fear of difference. “The first call of a fascist or prematurely fascist movement is a call against intruders. Thus, Ur-Fascism is racist by definition.
Nowhere in the world are there more similarities between its nations, and yet nowhere is there so much fear of differences as in the region of the former Yugoslavia. We don’t need interpreters between Bosnians, Serbs, Croats and Montenegrins, but we still call the language differently. All economies have been dependent on each other for centuries, but they still look forward to finding cooperation with someone else rather than in their own neighborhood. Not to mention the citizenship for each country. Citizenship is tied to the nation (s) and not to any of the inhabitants of the former Yugoslavia, at least to those born in the same country 30 years ago.
For example, take me who owns a house (besides my father was not a Communist but only a simple engineer who built the house on the basis of his work) on the Croatian Adriatic Coast since 1971 (at that time and until 1991, Croatia was part of Yugoslavia). Being Bosnian and Herzegovinian (Muslim), I cannot have Croatian nationality. Well, yes, I can have Croatian nationality, but only if during the period of 5 years I have spent all the time in this house (the police come at least 4 times a month to check if you are there) .
Therefore, last year 2020 I tried to use section 13 (have two doctorates and teach in the EU as a professor) of the Croatian Nationality Law to apply for it, knowing that it might be interesting for Croatia to have someone who is a writer and an academic. My main goal was to make my life easier and to get ten times less municipal taxes on my property per year in Croatia. Namely, with citizenship, I would pay 150 euros, while without citizenship, the tax is 1000 euros per year. Even though I’m sure lists based on quotes from around the world, my application was rejected on the grounds that I had not published any scientific papers in Croatia – even though I was published in Poland, Italy, Lithuania, India, Switzerland, Germany and the United States in as a scientist and a writer.
It all comes down to the fear of differences. Feeling of apartheid. By the Croatian government which gave citizenship to a Croatian Catholic from Bosnia and Herzegovina who lives in a remote village and who will never see the Adriatic coast because the Croatian national government which made him poor, and I who have already paid a lot of tax money in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. However, I have a problem. I am a Muslim from Bosnia and Herzegovina. It would even be better for them if I were a Muslim fundamentalist, but I am an atheist. A scientist who believes in the methodology of existence and dialectical materialism and not in the fictitious person for adults, whom they call God and / or Allah and / or Buddha.
6. Call for social frustration. “One of the most typical characteristics of historical fascism was the appeal to a frustrated middle class, a class suffering from an economic crisis or feelings of political humiliation, and afraid of pressure from lower social groups.”
…To be continued